Qila Rai Pithora is the extension of Lalkot

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Qila Rai Pithora is the extension of Lalkot. This fort was constructed in 1180 by Prithviraj Chauhan, the King of Ajmer with the possession of Lalkot from Tomar king Anangal-2.

Qila Rai Pithora
Qila Rai Pithora

Lalkot was converted into huge fort by Prithviraj Chauhan

The Lalkot was in the form of a small fort, which converted into a huge fort by Prithviraj Chauhan. He secured the entire city with huge and high walls by fortifications. 

Qila Rai Pithora
PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN MINIATURE SHEET

This fort of Prithviraj Chauhan began to be called ‘Qila Rai Pithora’ because Prithviraj Chauhan was also called Rai Pithora. He gave this fort a span of six and a half kilometers. Today, some walls and turret are left as the ruins of Lalkot and Qila Rai Pithora. So far, the remains of the fort have not been ascertained.

Qila Rai Pithora
Qila Rai Pithora Watch Tower

 

Prithviraj Chauhan ruled Delhi from 1180 to 1192. His reign was also spread in the state of Haryana and Rajasthan besides Delhi. Apart from this, some parts of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh were also in their state. It is mentioned in many Indian folk pieces of literature that Prithviraj Chauhan had defeated Muhammad Ghori 7, 17, 21 or 23 times and every time he gave life charity to Muhammad Ghori. 

The historians mention two wars of Prithviraj Chauhan and Muhammad Ghori, who were in Tarain. According to them, in 1191, Prithviraj Chauhan won the first battle of Tarain. But in the second war of Tarain in the year 1192, Muhammad Ghori was victorious and he took Prithviraj Chauhan from captivity to Afghanistan.

Qila Rai Pithora
The abduction of Sanyogita by Prithviraj Chauhan

Tomar kings ruled over Delhi until 8th to 12th century

There is not much information in the clear and detailed about Tomar kings. It is said that their kingdom was in the present Delhi and Haryana till the 8th century to the 12th century. 

An inscription from the 14th century shows that Tomars had a city named Dhillika (Delhi) in Haryana, which was later taken by the Chahmanas (Chauhan) kings. Lalkot is also described in the ‘Prithviraj Raso’ epic, which was the capital of Tomars.

 

Qila Rai Pithora
The wall of Lalkot

Historical documents suggest that the origin of the Tomar dynasty was in 736. Anangpal Tomar-1 constructed Lalkot in Mehrauli area. ‘Kot’ means the fort. This fort was red, hence it was called Lalkot.

Anangpal-1 developed Anangpur village on the south of Suraj Kund. This village is still present in Faridabad Haryana. He also developed Anangpal Dam. This dam is 50 meters wide and 7 meters high. 

 

Alai Minar, Qutub Complex, Qila Rai Pithora

When Alauddin Khilji had constructed the Alai Minar near Qutab Minar in 1311, water was procured from Anangpur Dam. Anangpal’s son Surajpal built Suraj Kund, which is located one kilometer north of Anangpur village. The ruins of Sun Temple can still be seen near this pond.

The walls of Lalkot are located near the tomb of Adham Khan in Sanjay Forest. This wall is covered with Keekar trees and bushes. The wall of Lalkot is now only six feet high, but it is about 10 feet wide. This area is uninhabited, so one should visit the group here.

The magnificence of the fort is recorded in history

Vibud Sridhar, contemporary writer of Prithviraj Chauhan, wrote in 1189 describing Qila Rai Pithora: Anang lake was next to Rai Pithora Fort. The markets were packed with clothes, cereals, nuts, sweets and books. Delhi was the center of education. Gold was carved on the summit of the city's gates. The buildings were carved with precious stones and gems.
Qila Rai Pithora
Prithviraj Chauhan
The Last Hindu Emperor of Delhi

The mosque built by demolishing temples

Qila Rai Pithora
Quwut-ul-Islam Masjid, Qutub Complex

Tomar and Chauhan kings constructed many magnificent temples in this area. But the Islamic invaders destroyed all the temples. The Quwut-ul-Islam Masjid in the Qutub Complex was built in 1192 by Qutubuddin Aibak. 

It is recorded in history that in the construction of this mosque, 27 Hindu and Jain temples were destroyed and their material was used in the mosque.

 

Qila Rai Pithora
Quwut-ul-Islam Masjid, Qutub Complex, Qila Rai Pithora

The statues of god-goddesses were placed on pillars and walls of Quwut-ul-Islam Masjid. Among them are the statues of Apsara, Gandharva, and Jain Tirthankar Swami Mahavir. In this Mosque, Iltutmish and Alauddin Khilji had also made some expansions in 1230 & 1351. There is an iron pillar of Emperor Vikramaditya, which was brought from Udaigir by the king Anangpal Tomar.

Not yet got the full circle of Qila Rai Pithora

Qila Rai Pithora
Ramparts of Qila Rai Pithora

Qila Rai Pithora has 28 turrets. Among them, the turret number 15 is the largest. Its diameter is 95 meters and its height is 14 meters. At present, some walls and turrets are remains left in the name of Qila Rai Pithora. With the hitting of time, all have been scattered.

The roads leading to Mehrauli-Badarpur and Adchini to Qutub Minar passes through Qila Rai Pithora. The ruins of Qila Rai Pithora are also spread over the area of Sanjay Forest and South Delhi Ridge. 

The parts of the fortification are located in ‘Qila Rai Pithora Park’ in front of Qutub Golf Course. The area of Qutub Minar is a part of Qila Rai Pithora. The remains of Qila Rai Pithora still appear in areas of Saket, Mehrauli, Kishangarh and Vasant Kunj of Delhi.

Qila Rai Pithora
Gateway of Qila Rai Pithora

Significantly, the full circle of Qila Rai Pithora has not been discovered yet. Jahanpanah’s wall, which is considered to be the ancient city of Delhi, also meets Qila Rai Pithora. 

This wall meets the wall of Qila Rai Pithora near the Press Enclave in Saket. Muhammad bin Tughlaq (1325-1351) built Jahanpanah, which is surrounded by the area between the first two ancient cities of Qila Rai Pithora and Siri.

Prithviraj Chauhan has a huge statue riding on a horse in Qila Rai Pithora. There is a museum in the center of Qila Rai Pithora’s premises, where the pictures are displayed. In one era, Qila Rai Pithora had 13 entrances.

Ghulam dynasty also did the rule from Qila Rai Pithora

It is believed that Qutubuddin Aibak did not make any significant changes in Rai Pithora Fort. After the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan in 1192, Muhammad Ghori handed over the rule of Delhi to Qutbuddin Aibak. From 1192 to 2006, he started the Delhi Sultanate as a governor.

Qila Rai Pithora
Qutubuddin Aibak ruled from Qila Rai Pithora

After the death of Muhammad Ghori in 1206, Qutubuddin Aibak declared himself a sultan of Delhi and laid the foundations of the slave dynasty. From 1206 to 1290 all the rulers of the Ghulam dynasty ruled from Qila Rai Pithora. 

This area comes to Mehrauli, which means the residence of Mihir. It was built by Gurjar emperor Mihir Bhoj (836-885). The reign of Emperor Mihir Bhoj spread from the Himalayas to the Narmada River in the south, Sutlej in the northeast and east to Bengal.

How to reach?

There are many options to visit the Qila Rai Pithora. You can download the app of Ola and Uber Cabs and reach your destination at a reasonable price. Can do the auto. You can also travel by bus or metro.

To reach Qila Rai Pithora, there are DTC buses from all the important places of Delhi. For Bus and Metro Routs information, click on Bus and Metro Routs

Distance from Connaught Place

The distance of Qila Rai Pithora from Connaught Place (Rajiv Chowk Metro Station) New Delhi is 15 kilometers. It takes 45 minutes by road to go to the fort via Ashoka Road.

You can calculate the distance of Qila Rai Pithora from your location by clicking above on Distance Calculator.

Location of Qila Rai Pithora by Google Map

Qila Rai Pithora Main Fort, Butterfly Park, Sainik Farm, New Delhi-110062

Nearby attraction

Qila Rai Pithora

There are 17 points are situated in the ancient Qila Rai Pithora circle. These are- 1. Qutub Complex, 2. Azim Khans Tomb, 3. Balban Tomb, 4. Chaumukha Gate, 5. Jamali Kamali Mosque & Tomb, 6. Nazir Ka Bagh, 7. Zafar Mahal, 8. Gandhak Ki Baoli, 9. Rajon Ki Bain, 10. Adham Khan’s Tomb, 11. Gazni Gate, 12. Anag Tal, 13. Ranjit Gate, 14. Sohan Gate, 15. Adhchini Gate, 16. Badaun Gate, 17. Barka Gate. Beside this, Sanjay Van is situated here, which is the most haunted place of Delhi.

Fateh Burj is the haunted place of Lalkot

Turning from the tomb of Adam Khan to the right, the gateway of Lalkot is seen, which is called Fateh Burj. If you have courage and adventures, then you go to Mahrauli Idgah, which is also called Ashiq Allah Dargah. This Dargah was built in 1317 by Sultan Qutbuddin Mubarak Shah Khilji. Lalkot’s wall will also be seen when going behind the Dargah. There you will see unknown graves in the hills and rugged paths. 

Qila Rai Pithora
Dargah Hazrat Sheikh Shahabuddin Ashiq Allah Nazaria Peer

It is said that it is the site of the Jinn and the Jinn can be seen there. If any person recites the prayer for 41 days, he can see the Jinn and talk to them. The Jinn always appear in the night. The entire area falls in Sanjay Van is considered as a deserted and scary forest. 

Local people have believed that Sanjay Van of Qila Rai Pithora is a haunted Place. Anyone who goes here in the night, ghosts make him a victim. In this forest, you can be seen Nilgai (Blue Cow), which is the state animal of Delhi.

Qila Rai Pithora
Prithiraj Chauhan's Coin

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