Humayun’s tomb is the first of the grand dynastic mausoleums that were to become synonyms of Mughal architecture with the architecture style reaching its zenith about 80 years later Taj Mahal. The tomb was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993. Other than the fundamental tomb fenced in area of Humayun, a few little landmarks speck the pathway paving the way to it.
Humayun’s tomb was commissioned by Empress Haji Begum in 1569-70. Haji Begum was the first wife of Emperor Humayun. This mausoleum was designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, a Persian architect. Humayun’s Tomb was the first garden-tomb in the Indian subcontinent. This tomb is located near Purana Qila (Old Fort), that Humayun founded in 1533. It was also the first structure to use red sandstone at a very large scale.
The complex incorporates the principle tomb of the Emperor Humayun, which houses the graves of Haji Begum herself, Hamida Begum, and furthermore Dara Shikoh, extraordinary awesome grandson of Humayun and son of the later Emperor Shah Jahan, and various other subsequent Mughals, including Emperor Jahandar Shah, Farrukhsiyar, Rafi Ul-Darjat, Rafi Ud-Daulat, Muhammad Kam Bakhsh and Alamgir II.
Humayun’s tomb is called the ‘dormitory of the Mughals’ as in the cells are buried over 150 Mughals family members. It was notably the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent with beautiful causeways and channels. This was the first Indian building known as a classic specimen of the double-domed elevation with kiosks on a huge scale. It was the primary Indian building known as a great example of the double-domed rise with stands on an enormous scale. The tomb’s idea of eight side chambers symbolizes the Islamic idea of heaven. The building presented the wonderful combination of red sandstone and white marble.
The site was chosen on the banks of Yamuna river, because of its closeness to Nizamuddin Dargah, which is the mausoleum of the celebrated Sufi saint of Nizamuddin Auliya. In later Mughal history, the last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar took shelter here, amid the Indian Rebellion of 1857, along with three princes, yet they were caught by Captain Hodson before being ousted to Rangoon for jail. The Tombs of Battashewala Complex lie in the buffer zone of the Humayun Tomb Complex. Both complexes are separated by a small road but enclosed within their own separate compound walls. Humayun’s Tomb has earned the status of being a historic point in the extension of Mughal architecture.